Date Built: c. 1000 AD – 1200 AD
Location: Cibola County (west of Albuquerque), New Mexico
Built As: Residential housing
Current Use: Residential area
Acoma Pueblo is the home of the Acoma, a tribe of Native Americans that have been living in this area for around 1,000 years. The community is located on top of a mesa, providing great geographical protections.
The first written documentation of the community was by the Spanish in 1540, who were looking for gold. In 1599 they forced the Acoma to submit to Spanish rule and destroyed the community, killing many Acoma. In 1629 a Spanish Mission was established that helped rebuild the community, while bringing in Christian beliefs and suppressing Acoma traditions.
However, this area still shows the rich culture that the Acoma have with beautiful traditional ceremonies. They offer tours around their community to educate people about the Acoma culture. The community is built on tribal lands that the United States recognizes and in 2007 was designated as a National Trust for Historic Preservation, the only Native American site on the list.