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list of us national monuments

List of US National Monuments


Under the Antiquities Act of 1906, any sitting president can declare for a piece of federal land to be granted status as a National Monument in order to protect its natural, cultural, or scientific qualities. Shortly after this law went into effect, President Theodore Roosevelt established Devils Tower, located in Wyoming, as the first National Monument in US history. This was followed by the formation of the National Park Service in 1916.

As of January 2020, there are 130 National Monuments that are managed by various federal agencies. From New York's Statue of Liberty to California's Muir Woods, these monuments are as diverse as they are beautiful.

With so many destinations to choose from, we decided to put together a comprehensive list of US National Monuments to help anyone keep track of and plan their American adventures. Whether it be a road trip, RV travels, or a weekend getaway, our country's diverse National Monuments should be at the top of everyone's travel list.


utah national monuments

Cedar Breaks National Monument

Although the National Park Service manages most US National Monuments, there are six other agencies tasked with protecting one or more of these locations. Below you'll find a key that lists the different federal agencies that manage our country's National Monuments.


Agency Abbreviation Department Total Sites Managed

National Park Service

NPS

Interior

84

Bureau of Land Management

BLM

Interior

28

United States Forest Service

USFS

Agriculture

13

Fish and Wildlife Services

FWS

Interior

9

Department of Energy

DOE

Energy

1

Armed Forces Retirement Home

AFRH

Defense

1

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAA

Commerce

5

United States Air Force

USAF

Defense

1


us national monuments

Devils Tower National Monument

With that out of the way, let's take a look at the complete list of US National Monuments as of January 2020.


Below you'll find a list of National Monuments in every state/territory along with the year that each one was established.


Monument Name Agency Location Year Established

Admiralty Island

USFS

Alaska

1978

African Burial Ground

NPS

New York

2006

Agate Fossil Beds

NPS

Nebraska

1997

Agua Fria

BLM

Arizona

2000

Aleutian Islands World War 2

FWS

Alaska

2008

Alibates Flint Quarries

NPS

Texas

1965

Aniakchak

NPS

Alaska

1978

Aztec Ruins

NPS

New Mexico

1923

Bandelier

NPS

New Mexico

1916

Basin and Range

BLM

Nevada

2015

Bears Ears

BLM, USFS

Utah

2016

Belmont-Paul Women's Equality

NPS

District of Columbia

2016

Berryessa Snow Mountain

USFS, BLM

California

2015

Birmingham Civil Rights

NPS

Alabama

2017

Booker T. Washington

NPS

Virginia

1956

Browns Canyon

BLM, USFS

Colorado

2015

Buck Island Reef

NPS

US Virgin Islands

1961

Cabrillo

NPS

California

1913

California Coastal

BLM

California

2000

Camp Nelson Heritage

NPS

Kentucky

2018

Canyon de Chelly

NPS

Arizona

1931

Canyons of the Ancients

BLM

Colorado

2000

Cape Krusenstern

NPS

Alaska

1978

Capulin Volcano

NPS

New Mexico

1916

Carrizo Plain

BLM

California

2001

Casa Grande Ruins

NPS

Arizona

1918

Cascade-Siskiyou

BLM

Oregon, California

2000

Castillo de San Marcos

NPS

Florida

1924

Castle Clinton

NPS

New York

1946

Castle Mountains

NPS

California

2016

Cedar Breaks

NPS

Utah

1933

Cesar E. Chaves

NPS

California

2012

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers

NPS

Ohio

2013

Chimney Rock

USFS

Colorado

2012

Chiricahua

NPS

Arizona

1924

Colorado

NPS

Colorado

1911

Craters of the Moon

NPS, BLM

Idaho

1924

Devils Postpile

NPS

California

1911

Devils Tower

NPS

Wyoming

1906

Dinosaur

NPS

Colorado, Utah

1915

Effigy Mounds

NPS

Iowa

1949

El Malpais

NPS

New Mexico

1987

El Morro

NPS

New Mexico

1906

Florissant Fossil Beds

NPS

Colorado

1969

Fort Frederica

NPS

Georgia

1936

Fort Matanzas

NPS

Florida

1924

Fort McHenry

NPS

Maryland

1925

Fort Monroe

NPS

Virginia

2011

Fort Ord

BLM

California

2012

Fort Pulaski

NPS

Georgia

1924

Fort Stanwix

NPS

New York

1935

Fort Union

NPS

New Mexico

1956

Fossil Butte

NPS

Wyoming

1972

Freedom Riders

NPS

Alabama

2017

George Washington Birthplace

NPS

Virginia

1930

George Washington Carver

NPS

Missouri

1943

Giant Sequoia

USFS

California

2000

Gila Cliff Dwellings

NPS

New Mexico

1907

Gold Butte

BLM

Nevada

2016

Governors Island

NPS

New York

2001

Grand Canyon Parashant

BLM, NPS

Arizona

2000

Grand Portage

NPS

Minnesota

1960

Grand Staircase-Escalante

BLM

Utah

1996

Hagerman Fossil Beds

NPS

Idaho

1988

Hanford Reach

FWS, DOE

Washington

2000

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad

FWS

Maryland

2013

Hohokam Pima

NPS

Arizona

1972

Homestead

NPS

Nebraska

1936

Hovenweep

NPS

Colorado, Utah

1923

Ironwood Forest

BLM

Arizona

2000

Jewel Cave

NPS

South Dakota

1908

John Day Fossil Beds

NPS

Oregon

1974

Jurassic

BLM

Utah

2019

Kasha-Katuwe Ten Rocks

BLM

New Mexico

2001

Katahdin Woods and Waters

NPS

Maine

2016

Lava Beds

NPS

California

1925

Little Bighorn Battlefield

NPS

Montana

1940

Marianas Trench Marine

NOAA, FWS

Guam

2009

Medgar and Myrlie Evans Home

NPS

Mississippi

2019

Military Working Dog Teams

DOD

Texas

2013

Mill Springs Battlefield

NPS

Kentucky

2019

Misty Fjords

USFS

Alaska

1978

Mohave Trails

BLM

California

2016

Montezuma Castle

NPS

Arizona

1906

Mount St. Helens Volcanic

USFS

Washington

1982

Muir Woods

NPS

California

1908

Natural Bridges

NPS

Utah

1908

Navajo

NPS

Arizona

1909

Newberry Volcanic

USFS

Oregon

1990

Northeast Canyons and Seamonts Marine

NOAA, FWS

Atlantic Ocean

2016

Oregon Caves

NPS

Oregon

1909

Organ Pipe Cactus

NPS

Arizona

1937

Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks

BLM

New Mexico

2014

Pacific Remote Islands Marine

NOAA, FWS

US Minor Outlying Islands

2009

Papahānaumokuākea Marine

NOAA, FWS

Hawaii, US Minor Outlying Islands

2006

Petroglyph

NPS

New Mexico

1990

Pipe Spring

NPS

Arizona

1923

Pipestone

NPS

Minnesota

1937

Pompeys Pillar

BLM

Montana

2001

Poverty Point

NPS

Louisiana

1988

Prehistoric Trackways

BLM

New Mexico

2009

President Lincoln and Soldiers' Home

AFRH

District of Columbia

2000

Pullman

NPS

Illinois

2015

Rainbow Bridge

NPS

Utah

1910

Rio Grande del Norte

BLM

New Mexico

2013

Rose Atoll Marine

NOAA, FWS

American Samoa

2009

Russell Cave

NPS

Alabama

1961

Saint Francis Dam Disaster

USFS

California

2019

Salinas Pueblo Missions

NPS

New Mexico

1909

San Gabriel Mountains

USFS

California

2014

San Juan Islands

BLM

Washington

2013

Sand to Snow

BLM, USFS

California

2016

Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains

BLM, USFS

California

2000

Scotts Bluff

NPS

Nebraska

1919

Sonoran Desert

BLM

Arizona

2001

Statue of Liberty

NPS

New York, New Jersey

1924

Stonewall

NPS

New York

2016

Sunset Crater Volcano

NPS

Arizona

1930

Timpanogos Cave

NPS

Utah

1922

Tonto

NPS

Arizona

1907

Tule Lake

NPS, FWS

California

2008

Tule Springs Fossil Beds

NPS

Nevada

2014

Tuzigoot

NPS

Arizona

1939

Upper Missouri River Breaks

BLM

Montana

2001

Vermilion Cliffs

BLM

Arizona

2000

Virgin Islands Coral Reef

NPS

US Virgin Islands

2001

Waco Mammoth

NPS

Texas

2015

Walnut Canyon

NPS

Arizona

1915

Wupatki

NPS

Arizona

1924

Yucca House

NPS

Colorado

1919

Alabama National Monuments


  • Birmingham Civil Rights (2017)
  • Freedom Riders (2017)
  • Russell Cave (1961)

Alaska National Monuments


  • Admiralty Island (1978)
  • Aleutian Islands World War II (2008)
  • Aniakchak (1978)
  • Cape Krusenstern (1978)
  • Misty Fjords (1978)

American Samoa National Monuments


  • Rose Atoll Marine (2009)

Arizona National Monuments


  • Agua Fria (2000)
  • Canyon de Chelly (1931)
  • Casa Grande Ruins (1918)
  • Chiricahua (1924)
  • Grand Canyon-Parashant (2000)
  • Hohokam Pima (1972)
  • Ironwood Forest (2000)
  • Montezuma Castle (1906)
  • Navajo (1909)
  • Organ Pipe Cactus (1937)
  • Pipe Spring (1923)
  • Sonoran Desert (2001)
  • Sunset Crater Volcano (1930)
  • Tonto (1907)
  • Tuzigoot (1939)
  • Vermilion Cliffs (2000)
  • Walnut Canyon (1915)
  • Wupatki (1924)

Atlantic Ocean National Monuments


  • Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine (2016)

California National Monuments


  • Berryessa Snow Mountain (2015)
  • Cabrillo (1913)
  • California Coastal (2000)
  • Cascade-Siskiyou (2000, also located in Oregon)
  • Castle Mountains (2016)
  • Carrizo Plain (2001)
  • Cesar E. Chavez (2012)
  • Devils Postpile (1911)
  • Fort Ord (2012)
  • Giant Sequoia (2000)
  • Lava Beds (1925)
  • Mojave Trails (2016)
  • Muir Woods (1908)
  • San Gabriel Mountains (2014)
  • Sand to Snow (2016)
  • Saint Francis Dam Disaster (2019)
  • Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains (2000)
  • Tule Lake (2008)

colorado national monuments

Dinosaur National Monument


Colorado National Monuments


  • Browns Canyon (2015)
  • Canyons of the Ancients (2000)
  • Chimney Rock (2012)
  • Colorado (1911)
  • Dinosaur (1915, also located in Utah)
  • Florissant Fossil Beds (1969)
  • Hovenweep (1923, also located in Utah)
  • Yucca House (1919)

District of Columbia National Monuments


  • Belmont-Paul Women's Equality (2016)
  • President Lincoln and Soldiers' Home (2000)

Florida National Monuments


  • Castillo de San Marcos (1924)
  • Fort Matanzas (1924)

Georgia National Monuments


  • Fort Frederica (1936)
  • Fiort Pulaski (1924)

Guam National Monuments


  • Marianas Trench Marine (2009)

Hawaii National Monuments


  • Papahānaumokuākea Marine (2006, also located in US Minor Outlying Islands)

Idaho National Monuments


  • Craters of the Moon (1924)
  • Hagerman Fossil Beds (1988)

Illinois National Monuments


  • Pullman (2015)

Iowa National Monuments


  • Effigy Mounds (1949)

Kentucky National Monuments


  • Camp Nelson Heritage (2018)
  • Mill Springs Battlefield (2019)

Louisiana National Monuments


  • Poverty Point (1988)

Maine National Monuments


  • Katahdin Woods and Waters (2016)

Maryland National Monuments


  • Fort McHenry (1925)
  • Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad (2013)

grand portage national monument

Grand Portage National Monument


Minnesota National Monuments


  • Grand Portage (1960)
  • Pipestone (1937)

Mississippi National Monuments


  • Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home (2019)

Missouri National Monuments


  • George Washington Carver (1943)

Montana National Monuments


  • Little Bighorn Battlefield (1940)
  • Pompeys Pillar (2001)
  • Upper Missouri River Breaks (2001)

Nebraska National Monuments


  • Agate Fossil Beds (1997)
  • Homestead (1936)
  • Scotts Bluff (1919)

Nevada National Monuments


  • Basin and Range (2015)
  • Gold Butte (2016)
  • Tule Springs Fossil Beds (2014)

New Mexico National Monuments

Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument


New Mexico National Monuments


  • Aztec Ruins (1923)
  • Bandelier (1916)
  • Capulin Volcano (1916)
  • El Malpais (1987)
  • El Morro (1906)
  • Fort Union (1956)
  • Gila Cliff Dwellings (1907)
  • Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks (2001)
  • Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks (2014)
  • Petroglyph (1990)
  • Prehistoric Trackways (2009)
  • Rio Grande del Norte (2013)
  • Salinas Pueblo Missions (1909)

New York National Monuments


  • African Burial Ground (2006)
  • Castle Clinton (1946)
  • Governors Island (2001)
  • Fort Stanwix (1935)
  • Statue of Liberty (1924, also located in New Jersey)
  • Stonewall (2016)

New Jersey National Monuments


  • Statue of Liberty (1924, also located in New York)

Ohio National Monuments


  • Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers (2013)

Oregon National Monuments


  • Cascade-Siskiyou (2000)
  • John Day Fossil Beds (1974)
  • Newberry Volcanic (1990)
  • Oregon Caves (1909)

South Dakota National Monuments


  • Jewel Cave (1908)

Texas National Monuments


  • Alibates Flint Quarries (1965)
  • Military Working Dog Teams (2013)
  • Waco Mammoth (2015)

US Minor Outlying Islands National Monuments


  • Pacific Remote Islands Marine (2009)
  • Papahānaumokuākea Marine (2006, also located in Hawaii)

US Virgin Islands National Monuments


  • Buck Island Reef (1961)
  • Virgin Islands Coral Reef (2001)

cedar breaks national monument

Cedar Breaks National Monument


Utah National Monuments


  • Bears Ears (2016)
  • Cedar Breaks (1933)
  • Dinosaur (1915, also located in Colorado)
  • Grand Staircase-Escalante (1996)
  • Hovenweep (1923, also located in Colorado)
  • Jurassic (2019)
  • Natural Bridges (1908)
  • Rainbow Bridge (1910)
  • Timpanogos Cave (1922)

Virginia National Monuments


  • Booker T. Washington (1956)
  • Fort Monroe (2011)
  • George Washington Birthplace (1930)

Washington National Monuments


  • Hanford Reach (2000)
  • Mount St. Helens Volcanic (1982)
  • San Juan Islands (2013)

Wyoming National Monuments


  • Devils Tower (1906)
  • Fossil Butte (1972)

Natural Bridges National Monument

Fun Facts About National Monuments


  • About half of all current National Parks were once National Monuments before their status was upgraded by congress.
  • California and Arizona both hold the record for having the most National Monuments (18 each). This is followed by New Mexico (13).
  • Aniakchak, located on the Alaska Peninsula, is currently the least visited US National Monument with only 100 visitors being recorded in 2018.
  • Aside from being able to declare new National Monuments, the Antiquities Act of 1906 also allows sitting Presidents to enlarge existing monuments.
  • The largest National Monument is Papahānaumokuākea Marine, which covers an area of 582,781 square miles, whereas the smallest is Stonewall National Monument at 0.12 acres.

mount st helens national monument

Mount St. Helens National Monument


National Monuments Map


We love National Monuments here at GeoJango Maps. That's why we decided to create USA Maps that showcase the locations of every National Park and National Monument in the United States. You can use one of these maps to keep track of which monuments you've visited or which ones you would like to visit in the future.

As a special thank you for visiting our website, we're offering a discount code of 10% off any framed USA map! Just enter the code "NTLMONUMENTS" during checkout to receive your special discount.